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Geometrical Dependence of Shear Viscosity of Polymer Melts Flowing in Micro Channel

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关 键 字: Viscosity and viscoelasticity  Rheology  Properties and characterization. 
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资料来源:  第十二届全国流变学学术会议
上传时间:  2015-07-22 15:26:00
内容分类  聚合物熔体
资料简介:  Geometrical dependence of viscosity of polymer melts (for example, PMMA and HDPE) are studied with different capillary dies of 0.25, 0.5 and 1.0mm, and by means of a twin-bore capillary rheometer based on power-law model. Contrary geometrical dependences of shear viscosity are observed for PMMA between 210 and 255℃, but similar geometrical dependences are revealed for HDPE between 190 and 260℃. The fact that wall slip cannot successfully explain the irregular geometrical dependence of PMMA viscosity is found in this work. Then, pressure effect and dependence of fraction of free volume (FFV) on both pressure and temperature are proposed to be responsible for the geometrical dependence of capillary viscosity of polymers.The dependence of shear viscosity on applied pressure is mainly investigated based on the Barus equation. By introducing a shift factor, shear viscosity curves of PMMA measured under different pressures can be shifted onto a set of parallel plots by correcting the pressure effect and the less shear-thinning then disappears,especially at high pressure. Meanwhile, the FFV and combining strength among molecular chains are evaluated for both samples based on molecular dynamics simulation, which implies that the irregular geometrical dependence of PMMA viscosity can not be attributed to the wall slip behavior any more.
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